Spiritual intelligence, Work-Family Conflict and Psychological Distress among University Teachers

Author: Namrah Ilyas

Supervisor: Tehreem Arshad

Degree:  BS

Year: 2009-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence, work- family conflict and psychological distress among university teachers. A sample of 100 university teachers (50 males, 50 females) was recruited from Punjab University within the age range of 30 to 50 years (M = 40.76). It was hypothesized that there would be a relationship between spiritual intelligence, work-family conflict and psychological distress among university teachers. Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory (SISRI-24; King & DeCicco, 2009) was used to measure spiritual intelligence, different dimensions of work-family conflict was assessed by Work-Family Conflict Scale (WFCS; Carlson, Kacmar, & Williams, 2000) and Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS 21; Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995) was used to assess psychological distress. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) revealed that spiritual intelligence is not significantly related with work-family conflict and psychological distress, however, there is a significant negative correlation between personal meaning production (a component of spiritual intelligence) and psychological distress. Also there is a significant negative correlation between personal meaning production (component of spiritual intelligence) and time based family interference with work (a component of work-family conflict). Work-family conflict is positively correlated to psychological distress. Also no significant gender differences were revealed in independent samples t-test. So, spiritual intelligence fostering programs should be introduced in the universities for teachers to enhance their personal meaning production capacity and thus reducing their psychological distress and work-family conflict.

Keywords: Spiritual Intelligence, Work-Family Conflict, Psychological Distress, University Teachers.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245