Shyness and Cognitive Emotion Regulation in Children Living in Nuclear and Joint Family System

Author: Izzat Suleman
Supervisor: Shahnila Tariq
Degree: M.Sc
Year: 2013-2015
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

The present research was conducted to investigate the relationship between shyness and cognitive emotional regulation in children living in joint and nuclear family system. It was hypothesized that there is a significant relationship between shyness and cognitive emotion regulation strategies in children living in joint and nuclear family system. Non probability convenient sampling technique was used. Sample size was N = 160 (80 from joint family system and 80 from nuclear family system with equal distribution on the basis of gender) taken from government schools of Lahore. Revised Check and Buss Shyness Scale (Cheek,1983) and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Kids (Garnefski & Kraaij, 2003) was used as assessment measure. Results revealed that children living in joint family system were less shy and  used more emotional strategies. However, children with nuclear family system were shyer, and they used fewer strategies. Further analysis revealed negative relationship between shyness and over all cognitive emotion regulation as well as with positive refocusing and planning. There was a significant positive relationship between shyness and self- blaming, acceptance, rumination and catastrophizing. Significant gender differences were also found. The results were compared with the existing literature.

Keywords:  Shyness, Cognitive Emotion Regulation, Family System.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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