Sense of coherence, Pain Severity and Presenteeism in Individuals with Migraine

Author: Hina Ayesha Bashir

Supervisor: AsmaYousaf

Degree: BS

Year: 2010-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


This study aimed to assess the relationship in sense of coherence, pain severity and presenteeism in individuals with migraine. It was hypothesized that there will likely to be relationship in sense of coherence (comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness), pain severity and presenteeism in individuals with migraine. Second hypothesis was that sense of coherence will likely to predict pain severity in individuals with migraine. Correlational research design was used to conduct this research. Sample size was selected through g-power analysis, total 111 participants, 30 men with age range 19-45 years (M= 30, SD=7.87) and 81 women (M= 29, SD=7.05), from neurology ward of 3 different government hospitals were selected through non- probability purposive sampling strategy. Demographic Questionnaire, Antonovsky’s Sense of Coherence Scale SOC-13 (Antonovsky, 1987), The McGill Pain Questionnaire (Melzack, 1971) and Stanford Presenteeism Scale (Coopman, 2002) was administered respectively to collect data. Ethical considerations were held in reserve while carrying out this research. Pearson product moment correlation established inverse relationship between sense of coherence and pain severity (p<.001) and significant relationship between pain severity and presenteeism (p<.001). Stepwise regression analysis identified sense of coherence as a predictor of pain severity. This research will give an idea that how sense of coherence will be supervised to avoid the corresponding problems. The results of this research, future researchers can devise several management techniques to minimize presenteeism due to severity of pain.

Keywords: Sense of coherence, Pain Severity, Presenteeism.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245