Self Esteem, Appearance Distress and Social Anxiety in Individuals with Acne Problem

Author: Lamae Zulfiqar

Supervisor: Hina Javed Rana

Degree: BS

Year: 2010-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship between self-esteem, appearance distress, social anxiety, and severity of acne. The current study hypothesized that there will be gender differences in acne patients for appearance distress and social anxiety. It was also hypothesized that there will be an inverse relationship between severity of acne and self-esteem. It was hypothesized that severity of acne will likely to predict appearance distress and social anxiety. It was hypothesized that self-esteem is likely to predict appearance distress and social anxiety in acne sufferers. Another hypothesis was that appearance distress will likely to predict social anxiety. The study sample comprised of 111 participants, with 88 women (M= 22.88; SD= 4.93) and 23 men (M= 19.39; SD= 3.12), having age range of 15 to 40 years. Data were collected from different public and private hospitals of Lahore. The correlational research design and purposive sampling was employed in the current study. Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965; Ghafoor, 2010), Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire (Cash, Phillips, Santos & Hrabosky, 2004), and Social Interaction Anxiety Questionnaire (Mattick & Clarke, 1998) were used to assess self-esteem, appearance distress, and social anxiety. Structured interview was devised by the researcher in order to explore related information of acne problem. The results revealed that the prevalence of acne is high in women as compared to men. The results revealed that self- esteem predicts appearance distress and social anxiety. While, appearance distress also predicts social anxiety. Further results also indicated that severity of acne also predicts appearance distress in both genders. The implication of this study will highlight the importance of psychological treatment along with medical treatment for the acne sufferers. The results of this research will help the psychologists to suggest effective management plan for acne patients.

Keywords: Self Esteem, Appearance Distress, Social Anxiety.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245