Rumination, Self-Compassion and Stress in Women living in Shelter Homes

Author: Tayyaba Mehboob

Supervisor: Iram Fatima, Ph.D

Degree: BS

Year: 2010-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


This correlational study aimed to investigate the relationship between
rumination, self-compassion and stress in women living in shelter homes.
It was hypothesized that there would be a positive relationship between
rumination and stress, and there would be negative relationship between
self-compassion and stress. Moreover, rumination and self-compassion
would interact to predict stress. The sample consisted of 100 women
(including unmarried, married, widows and divorced) living in three
different shelter homes of Lahore, Pakistan. The selected age range of
women was 20-40 years (M = 26, SD = 5.65). Data was collected by using
translated versions of three different questionnaires including Ruminative
Response Scale (Hoeksema & Morrow, 1991), Self- Compassion Scale
(Neff, 2003) and Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, 1983). Out of 100
women, 34 women who were educated filled the questionnaires by
themselves whereas; for 66 women oral administration was carried out by
the researcher. Overall response rate was 83.33 %. Data were analyzed by
using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Hierarchical Multiple
Regression (Moderation). The result showed that rumination had positive
relationship with stress. Whereas, self- compassion had no relationship
with stress. Further it was found both rumination and self-compassion,
individually; positively predicted stress but interaction effect was not
found. Moreover, additional analysis showed that women who were living
in shelter homes because of domestic violence ruminated more as
compared to those who were living there because other reasons. The
findings of the research highlighted the
role of rumination, self-compassion in stress level of women living in shelter

Keywords: Rumination, Self-Compassion, Stress, Shelter Homes.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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