Author: Lubna Mahnaz
Supervisor: Dr. Iram Bokharey
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
It was a Co relational study that examined contribution of social support, religiosity and marital status to quality of life in a sample of 300 elderly persons, who were community residents. Men and women were given equal representation in the data. The data was collected through purposive sampling strategy. The tools used in the study were Demographic Form,Urdu translated versions of World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF), Religious Activity Questionnaire (Sitwat, 2005) and Social Support Questionnaire (Sitwat, 2005). Individual administration of questionnaires was done. Multiple Regression Analyses were run to find out relationship of quality of life with social support, religiosity and marital status of the elderly people. One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was employed to compare quality of life among elderly with different marital status and socioeconomic classes. To see difference related to quality of life across gender, as well as presence of psychological and physical illness, Independent Samples t-test was used. Multiple regression analyses indicated that among criterion variables satisfaction with social support was the strongest predictor of quality of life of the elderly people. Results of independent samples t- test revealed that physical illness negatively affected quality of life; however results were not significant in case of psychological illness. Furthermore, elderly men were found to be better at quality of life as compared to elderly women.
Keywords: Quality of Life, Social Support, Religiosity, Elderly, Marital Status.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245