Relationship of Perceived Expressed Emotion with Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression among students in Selected Universities in Lahore

Author: Amna Rashid

Supervisor: Dr. Iram Bokharey

Degree: MS

Year: 2008-2010

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study was conducted to investigate the relationship of perceived expressed emotion with symptoms of anxiety and depression in university population. For this purpose, a non- clinical sample of 500 undergraduate students (254 men and 246 women, aged 17-24 years) was recruited from 3 universities of Lahore (Beaconhouse National University, Lahore University of Management Sciences, University of the Punjab). The method of purposive sampling was used. The tools used for assessment were Level of Expressed Emotion Scale (LEE), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). A Corelational, Cross-sectional Research Design was used. Data was analyzed by using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient, Multiple Regression Analysis (backward method) and Independent Sample t-test. The results partially supported the hypotheses, revealing a moderate but statistically significant correlation between the level of perceived expressed emotion and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Men had higher level of perceived expressed emotions as compared to women. The study has implication for better understanding of non-clinical population’s symptoms of anxiety and depression in relation to perceived expressed emotion.

Keywords: Perceived Expressed Emotion, Anxiety, Depression.

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