Author: Aimen Javed
Supervisor: Saima Dawood, PhD
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The present research was conducted to investigate the psychosocial correlates of posttraumatic growth in patients after myocardial infarction. A sample of 90 patients (Men = 53; Women = 37) were recruited with an age range of 45-65 years (M = 53.52; SD = 06.60) using cross-sectional research design and purposive sampling technique. Big Five Inventory (John & Srivastava, 1999), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (Zimet, Dahlem, Zimet & Farley, 1988), Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996) were used to assess personality traits, perceived social support, coping strategies and post traumatic growth, respectively. Posttraumatic Growth was found to be positively related with personality traits of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and openness to experience and negatively related with neuroticism. Posttraumatic growth and perceived social support were positively correlated with each other. Posttraumatic growth was also found to be positively related with problem focused and active emotional coping and negatively related with avoidant emotional coping. Moreover, conscientiousness, openness to experience, perceived social support from family, perceived social support from friends, problem focused coping and active emotional coping predicted high posttraumatic growth; and neuroticism and avoidant emotional coping predicted low posttraumatic growth. Furthermore, relationship between conscientiousness and posttraumatic growth was mediated by problem focused coping; the relationship between neuroticism and posttraumatic growth was mediated by active emotional coping and avoidant emotional coping; and the relationship between openness to experience and posttraumatic growth was partially mediated by all three types of coping strategies including problem focused coping, active emotional coping and avoidant emotional coping. In addition, the relationship between perceived social support from family and posttraumatic growth was mediated by problem.
Keywords: Posttraumatic Growth, Myocardial Infarction.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245