Psychological Risk Factors of Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents

Author: Anum Javed

Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Rukhsana Kausar

Degree: M.phil

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research was conducted to find out psychosocial risk factors of suicidal ideation in adolescents. This research comprised of four studies. In study I, causes of suicidal ideation were investigated. Sample size was 25 (students = 6), (teacher = 6), (parents = 6) and (counselors = 5). Results found academic problems, interpersonal relationship problems, personal problems, financial problems, role of media, lack of religious teaching and societal problems as the causes of suicidal ideation in adolescents. In study II causes of Suicidal Ideation Scale were developed on the basis of results of study I. Psychometric properties of scale was determined through factor analysis. Study III identified adolescents with suicidal ideation proneness. Sample size was 400 adolescents (male = 200) and (female = 200) from public schools from Lahore. Through Suicidal Risk Scale (Tse, 2002) 90 participants were identified with suicidal ideation. Study IV aimed to examine the difference between suicidal ideation and non suicidal ideators on personality, anger impulsivity, depression, interpersonal relations, academic stress and intolerance in adolescents. Sample size was 180 (suicidal ideators = 90) and (non suicidal ideators = 90). For this purpose the Big Five Personality Inventory (Rammstein & John, 2007), Parental Acceptance Rejection Questionnaire (Rohner, 2002), Teacher  Acceptance and Control-Teacher Acceptance-Rejection/ Control Questionnaire (Rohner, 2002), Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987), Educational Stress Scale for Adolescents (Sun, et al., 2011), Frustration Discomfort Scale (Harrington, 2005) were used. Independent sample t-test showed significant differences between two groups in all study variables. Correlation analysis showed significant relationship between study variables and suicidal ideation. Regression analysis showed class marks percentages; father’s monthly income, depression, anger impulsivity and worry about grades were significant predictors of suicidal ideation. In light of findings of the present research the role of counselors in schools are very important so that they can identify students at risk and control suicidal ideation.

Keywords: Psychological Risk Factors, Suicidal Ideation, Adolescents.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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