Author: Maryam Naeem
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Rukhsana Kausar
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The present study was designed to compare madrassahs, public and private school students on personality, emotional empathy, tolerance for disagreement and aggression. Hypotheses of the study were: Children from three school systems are likely to differ on personality traits, emotional empathy, tolerance for disagreement and aggression; Personality traits, emotional empathy, tolerance for disagreement and aggression have significant relationship with each other; Schools systems are likely to moderate relationship between Personality traits, emotional empathy, tolerance for disagreement and aggression in children. Sample of total 300 students were recruited from various schools and madrassahs of Lahore. Measuring Personality in One Minute or Less (Rammstedt & John, 2007), Multi-Dimensional Emotional Empathy Scale (Caruso & Mayer, 1998), Tolerance for Disagreement Scale (McCroskey & Teven, 1998) and Aggression Scale (Orpinas & Frankowski, 2001) were used for assessment purposes. Series of one way ANOVA, Correlation analysis, and Hierarchal regression analysis were run in order to test the hypotheses. Results showed that madrassah students were more aggressive as compared to other two school systems. Moreover, private school students scored more on tolerance and empathy. Results also showed that there are positive relations among agreeableness, openness, tolerance and empathy whereas neuroticism had negative relation with tolerance and empathy. Moderate regression analysis showed that school systems act as a moderator between personality, emotional empathy, tolerance for disagreement and aggression.
Keywords: Personality, Emotional Empathy, Tolerance, Disagreement, Aggression, Students.
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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245