Perceived Parenting Styles, Self-esteem and Resilience in Patients with Conversion Disorder

Author: Anza Javed Butt

Supervisor: Aisha Sitwat, PhD

Degree: MS

Year: 2012-2014

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study was carried out to investigate the perceived parenting styles, self-esteem and resilience in patients with conversion disorder. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a correlation among perceived parenting styles, self-esteem and resilience; perceived parenting styles and self-esteem are likely to predict resilience; perceived parenting style is likely to predict self-esteem and lastly, self-esteem is likely to mediate the relationship between perceived parenting styles and resilience in patients with conversion disorder. A sample of 120 female participants (mean age= 25.25 years, SD= 5.95) already diagnosed with conversion disorder was taken purposively from psychiatry departments of government teaching hospitals. The participants completed Parental Authority Questionnaire (Buri, 1991), Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and State-Trait Resilience Inventory (Hiew, Mori, Shimizu, & Tominaga, 2000). Results of Pearson correlation analysis revealed authoritativeness and permissiveness of both parents significantly positively correlated with self-esteem and both state and trait resilience. Moreover, father’s authoritarianism related negatively with both state and trait resilience. The findings of hierarchical regression analyses revealed that mother’s authoritarianism and permissiveness and participant’s self-esteem were significant predictors of state resilience whereas trait resilience was significantly predicted by self-esteem, mother’s permissiveness and father’s authoritarianism. Mediational analysis revealed that self-esteem partially mediated the relationship between mother’s permissiveness and state resilience. The study enhances our knowledge about role of parenting in self-esteem and resilience in relation to conversion disorder.

Keywords: Parenting Styles, Self-esteem, Resilience, Conversion Disorder.

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