Parents, Peers, Media and Appearance Based Anxiety in College Students

Author: Iqra Akbar

Supervisor:  Dr. Iram Fatima

Degree: Msc

Year: (2010-2012)

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Abstract

A study was conducted to assess appearance based anxiety with respect to parental, peers and media influence in graduate students. The sample consisted of 60 male students and 68 female students from public sector colleges. It was assumed that there would be positive relationship in appearance based anxiety and in other factors i.e. parents’ valuing and conditional acceptance of appearance, peers’ valuing and conditional acceptance of appearance and perceived media attitude towards appearance. It was also expected that female students would have higher level of appearance based anxiety than male students. Appearance based anxiety was assessed with Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) (Hart, Flora, Palyo, Fresco, Holle & Heimberg, 2008). For assessing parents’ valuing and conditional acceptance of appearance; and peers’ valuing and conditional acceptance of appearance, short scales developed by Park, DiRaddo and Calogero (2009) were used (Park, DiRaddo & Calogero, 2009). Sociocultural Attitude Towards Appearance Scale-3 (Van, Roehrig, Guarda & Heinberg, 2004) was used for assessing perceived media attitude towards appearance. Significant positive relationship of appearance based anxiety with parents’ valuing and conditional acceptance of appearance; peers’ valuing and conditional acceptance of appearance and media attitude towards appearance was observed.

Keywords: appearance based anxiety, college students, media, parents, peers.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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