Parenting Styles, Parental Acceptance Rejection and Vulnerability of Adolescents towards Depression

Author: Misbah Liaqat

Supervisor: Dr. Saima Dawood

Degree: BS

Year: 2006-2010

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


This study examined the relationship of parenting style, parental attachment and vulnerability among adolescents towards depression. A Correlation Research Design was used. The sample consisted of 250 participants of 13-17 years of age. The data was collected from government and private schools through Purposive sampling. Three measuring instruments were administered: Children’s Depression Inventory (Kovacs, 1981) translated and adapted by Manzoor and Dawood (2005) to assess the vulnerability of the adolescents towards depression. Parental Acceptance Rejection Questionnaire (Rohner. 1975 as cited in Rohner, 2002) translated and adapted byHaque (1981) was used to assess perceived acceptance rejection of father and mother and translated version of Parental Authority Questionnaire (Buri, 1989) to assess the parenting style used by parent during child rearing process. Descriptive statistics such as frequency and Percentages were used and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was employed to see the relationship between parenting styles, parental acceptance rejection and vulnerability towards depression in adolescents, t-test was run to see gender differences for vulnerability towards depression. The results showed that there were no gender differences on the obtained scores on CDI and the adolescents who perceived their parents as more rejecting and in vulnerability towards depression. The results also revealed that those adolescents whose parents were using “Authoritarian Parenting Style’ in their upbringing process were more vulnerable towards depression and majority out of them perceived their parents as rejecting’.

Keywords: Parenting Styles, Parental Acceptance-Rejection, Depression, Adolescents.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245