Parental Training with the Mothers of Children having Mental Retardation

Author: Ume Habiba

Supervisor: Rukhsana Kausar, PhD & Nazia Bashir

Degree: MS

Year: 2011-2013

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The aim of the study was to develop a parental training program centered on the principles of behavior modification and to evaluate its efficacy on mothers having children with mild to moderate mental retardation. Experimental research method with ABA design was used. Six parents with age ranges from 26 to 50 years having mentally retarded children age ranges from 3 to 15 years (M=8.5 years) recruited from three institutions for special children. Pre assessment of participants was done by the administration of Parent Motivation Inventory (PMI), Parenting Stress Scale (PSS), Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC) and a self- constructed Questionnaire for assessing Parent’s knowledge. The parent training program consisted of 12 therapeutic sessions each lasting for 2 hours was delivered by a researcher trainee Clinical psychologist. Post assessment of the participants was done after 12 sessions using the same instruments. Paired sample t test, and Wilcoxson Sign Rank test analysis was employed to compare the difference of the, two conditions (pre and post training assessment) within the group. Correlation was done to find the nature of relationship among the variables. The results revealed that” participants had higher level of motivation for treatment, increased parenting sense of competence, lower level of stress and increased level of knowledge about behavioral modification which reflected the efficacy of the training program for the mothers having children with mental retardation.

Keywords: Parental Training, Mental Retardation.

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