Parental Acceptance/Rejection, Self-Perception and Coping Styles of Patients with Depression

Author: Maha Azhar

Supervisor: Tehreem Arshad

Degree: BS

Year: 2010-2014

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study employed the correlational research design to investigate parental acceptance- rejection, self – perception and coping styles of patients with depression. It was hypothesized that there will likely to be relationship between parental rejection, self-perception, coping styles and depression. Moreover, parental rejection, self-perception and coping styles are likely to predict depression. One hundred patients of age range 19 – 45 years (M = 32.27, SD = 8.64) with depression (mild and moderate severity) were recruited from psychiatric departments of five different hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. Short form of Parental Acceptance – Rejection Questionnaire (P ARQ – Adult; Rolmer, 2004), Personality Assessment Questionnaire (PAQ – Adult; Rohner, 2004), Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) and Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977) was used to assess parental rejection, self-perception, coping styles and severity of depression respectively. Results revealed that maternal rejection, paternal rejection, self-perception (hostility/aggression, negative self-esteem and negative self- adequacy) and coping styles (active coping, use of emotional support and planning) had significant positive correlation with depression. Maternal rejection, paternal rejection, self- perception (negative self-adequacy, negative worldview) and use of coping styles (use of emotional support, positive reframing, planning) emerged as significant predictor of depression in clinical population. Significant gender differences were also found for maternal rejection. Females perceive their mothers to be more rejecting as compared to males. Present findings implicate the significance of parental rejection, inadequate self-perception and certain coping styles in relation to depression that would be helpful for health professionals and parents.

Keywords: Parental Acceptance/Rejection, Self-Perception, Coping Styles, Depression.

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