Organizational Stress and Coping Strategies among Different Professions

Author: Maleeha Tanveer

Supervisor: Dr. Saima Dawood

Degree: BS

Year: 2006-2010

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to assess the occupational stress and coping strategies among different professions by following Quasi-experimental Design. The researcher contacted different government and private institutions and organizations of Lahore to collect the data of Doctors (n=40); Teachers (n=40); Bank employees (n=40). The professionals were recruited through Purposive sampling falling between the age ranges of 24-70 years with a minimum educational qualification of Bachelors. Three instruments were administered on the research participants. The Stress Scale devised by Khalid and Yousaf (1996) was administered to assess the occupational stress. Two subscales of Symptom Checklist- R (Rahman et al., 2008) were used to assess the vulnerability of professionals towards anxiety and depression. Brief COPE devised by Carver (1997) was administered to assess the coping strategies used by different professionals. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient, ANOVA and LSD Priori Test were run to assess the level of occupational stress, anxiety, depression and coping strategies used by different professions. The results revealed that there was significant correlation between stress, active- avoidance coping and religious/denial coping. Also it showed that there was a positive significant correlation between occupational stress, anxiety and depression. The results also indicated significant differences between Teachers and Bankers in the use of coping strategies as they mostly used problem- focused coping to deal with their stress. Further implications can be given for the present research that, it can provide guidance for professionals about what kind of coping strategies they should apply at their workplace in order to deal with their stress.

Keywords: Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Coping, Professionals, Organization.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245