Negative Acts at Work Place, Work Motivation, Physical Symptoms of Job Stress, Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intentions in Teachers of Private Sector Universities

Author: Hafsa Tufail

Supervisor: Ms. Shazia Khalid

Degree: M.phil

Year: 2011-2013

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research was conducted to study the negative acts at work place, work motivation, physical symptoms of job stress, job satisfaction and turnover intentions in the employees of private sector universities through within group research design. Sample of 134 teachers was selected from different private universities of Lahore. Five scales were used to measure above relationship. Negative Act Questionnaire by Einarsen and Hoel (2001) was used to measure negative acts, for work motivation Work Motivation Scale by Sjoberg and Lind’s (1994) was used, The Physical Symptom Inventory developed by Spector and Jex (1997) was used to measure physical symptoms of job stress, for job satisfaction, The Generic Job Satisfaction Scale by Macdonald and Maclntyre (1997) was used whereas The Turnover Intention Scale developed by Camman, Fichman, Jenkins and Klesh (1979) was used to measure turnover intentions. The cronbach alpha of all the above scales was estimated to check the reliability. A hypothetical model was tested. Findings of the study indicated a negative relation of workplace negative acts with work motivation and job satisfaction and positive relation with physical symptoms of job stress and turnover intentions. Further it also indicated that work motivation and workplace negative acts significantly predicted job satisfaction, and job satisfaction and workplace negative acts significantly predicted turnover intentions. Furthermore the results showed there was no significant difference between male and female teachers working on contract and permanent basis on workplace negative acts, physical symptoms of job stress, job satisfaction and turnover intentions whereas, there was significant difference of work motivation between male and female teachers. Work motivation was higher in male teachers. This study will helpful for the teachers and administration of private universities. It will help to make future plans and to improve the quality of work and productivity of employees. It will be practically beneficial to gain better skills and individual performance.

Keywords: Work Place Negative Acts, Work Motivation, Turnover intentions.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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