Thesis Title: Moral Disengagement, Psychological Contract, Organizational Citizenship and Counter Productive Work Behaviors in Public and Private Sector
Author: Nadia Ijaz
Supervisor: Afsheen Masood
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Phone: 92-42-9231245
The current study examined the relationship between moral disengagement, psychological contract, organizational citizenship behavior and counterproductive work behavior in the public and private sector. It was hypothesized that psychological contract is likely to moderate the relationship between moral disengagement, organizational citizenship behavior, and counterproductive work behavior. Correlational research design along with purposive sampling strategy was used. The sample was consisted of 206 employees from middle management. Middle management is defined as the team of employees who are directly working under heads/ directors while they are the supervisors of employees from lower management. The age range of the sample was between 25-45 years from private and public sector. The measures used were Moral Disengagement Scale (Moore, Detert, Trevino, Baker & Mayer, 2012), Psychological Contract Scale (Millward and Hopkins, 1998), Organizational Citizenship Behavior Scale (Spector & Fox, 2011), Counterproductive work Behavior, (Spector, Bauer & Fox, 2010) and Ten Item Personality Inventory (Gosling, Rentfrow & Swann, 2003). Series of Correlational analyses, Regression analysis, PROCESS and Ttest were conducted in order to execute descriptive and inferential analyses. The result showed the relationship among moral, disengagement, psychological contract, organizational citizenship and counterproductive work behaviors. Further, agreeableness, extraversion and emotional stability had significant and positive relationship with organizational citizenship behaviors. On the other hand, transactional and relational contract were in relationship with agreeableness. Moreover, PROCESS showed psychological contract as a moderator between moral disengagement and citizenship behaviors as well as counterproductive behaviors. Additionally, regression analysis showed that extraversion, transactional contract, and agreeableness were significantly predicting CWB while education predicts OCB. Additional analysis revealed gender and job sector differences among moral disengagement, psychological contract, and counterproductive work behaviors. The implications of the study are a discussion in the light of international as well as indigenous perspective.
Keywords: Moral disengagement, psychological contract, organizational citizenship, counterproductive work behaviors.
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