Author: Faiqa Emran

Supervisor: Nazia Bashir, Sharmin Aslam Tarar, Farah Malik PhD

Degree: MS

Year: 2015-2017

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The aim was to find the differences between age and MLU-m and
MLU-w, and to identify the difference in MLU-m and MLU-w on
the basis of gender. The relationship between MLU-m and MLU-w was also studied. The sample size was 18 participants (9 girls, 9 boys) of 3 age bands 3.0-3.6, 3.7-4.0 and 4.1-4.6 with 6 months of
interval. The participants were selected from the family, friends
and neighbors. The data was collected in the home environment.
A sample of 150 utterances was selected. The data was
transcribed and then analyzed manually. The results showed that
there was no significant difference between age, MLU(m & w)
and in gender. Relationship between MLU (m & w) was
significantly positive. The study was divided into two parts,
where total number of sample was 36 participants (18 girls, 18
boys) of 6 age bands with 6 months interval from age 3.0-6.0
years and further divided into two groups for the sake of manual
analysis. 1st researcher studied 18 children and 2nd researcher
studied remaining 18. In the end the data was combined and
statistical analysis was performed, where it showed that there is a
highly significant difference between age and MLU (m & w).
There were no significant difference found between gender and
MLU (m & w). The relationship between MLU-m and MLU-w
was highly significant. The current findings are useful in studying
the language development in Urdu speaking children. The study is
also useful for the clinicians to compare the scores of typically
developing children and the children with impaired speech.

Keywords: Mean Length of Utterances, Typically Developing Children of 3.0-4.6 years.

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