Maternal Employment, Psychosocial Adjustment and Academic Performance of High School Students

Author: Hareem Muhammad

Supervisor: Afsheen Masood, Ph.D

Degree: MSc

Year: 2012-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to explore the dimensions of maternal
employment in relation to ego strength, psychosocial adjustment and
academic performance. It was hypothesized that there will be
significant relationship between maternal employment, psychosocial
adjustment and academic performance. The sample of 100 high school
students was selected with mothers working and non-working status
within the age range of 12-15 years. The tools used were indigenously
developed demographic questionnaire Adjustment Inventory for College
Students. Academic performance was taken as average of previous two
exams. Independent sample t-test was employed to investigate the
differences in psychosocial adjustment and academic performance. The
findings reveal that psychosocial and academic performance was better for
adolescents whose mothers were working. The findings of this study have
important implications for school counselors and development.

Keywords: Maternal Employment, Psychosocial Adjustment, Academic Performance.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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