Irrational Beliefs and Self Esteem as Predictors of Depressive Symptoms among Adolescents of Pakistan

Author: Masha Maqbool Ahmed

Supervisor: Dr. Nosheen K. Rahman

Degree: M,Phil

Year: 2000-2002

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study was conducted to investigate the role of irrational beliefs and self-esteem in the prediction of depressive symptoms among the male and female adolescents of Pakistan. For this purpose a sample of 1000 adolescent (males and females; aged 13-19 years) from non-clinical population was recruited from the English medium educational institutions of Lahore. The method of purposive sampling was used. Tools used for assessment were Irrational Belief Test (IBT), Offer’s Self Image Questionnaire (OSIQ), Beck Depression Inventory-11 (BDI-II), Demographic Form and Self Report Questionnaire. The Correlational research design was used. Data was analyzed by using Pearson Product Moment Coefficient of Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis. The results supported the hypotheses that irrational beliefs and self-esteem play a vital role in the prediction of depressive symptoms. This study has implication for better understanding of adolescent’s depression in taking preventive measures for reduction in depressive symptoms.

Keywords: Irrational Beliefs, Self-Esteem, Depressive Symptoms, Adolescents.

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