Illness Perception, Perceived Control and Adherence to Treatment in Diabetics

Author: Afshan Sahar

Supervisor: Omama Tariq

Degree: MSc

Year: 2012-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research studied illness perception, perceived control and
adherence to treatment in patients with diabetes. It was hypothesized that
there is likely to be a positive correlation of illness perception and
perceived control with adherence towards treatment in patients with
diabetics. Correlational research design was used. The sample included
100 diabetic patients that were taken from government hospitals. Brief
Illness Perception Questionnaire (BIPQ, Broadbent, Petrie, Main &
Weinmen, 2005), Diabetes Locus of Control Scale (DLC, Ferraro, Price,
Desmeond & Roberts, 1987) and Summary of Diabetes Self Care
Questionnaire (SDSCA, Toobert, Hampson & Glasgow, 2000) was used
for assessment. Correlation, Regression analysis and Independent sample
t-test were used to analyze the data. Results revealed that residence,
smoking, duration of medication; gender and diagnosis of diabetes were
emerged as strong significant predictors of adherence. There was a
significant positive correlation between illness perception, perceived
control and adherence. Illness perception was significant and positively
related to internal locus of control, chance locus of control, blood pressure
and foot care. Illness perception predicted the level of adherence. The
findings have important implication for diabetic patients visiting various
hospitals and it also highlights the importance of counseling and educating
them that would enhance the adherence level of the patients.

Keywords: : Illness Perception, Perceived Control, Adherence to Treatment, Diabetics.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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