Thesis Title: Fear of Negative Evaluation, Appearance Distress and Social Functioning among Patients with Acne Vulgaris
Author: Hira Shafique
Supervisor: Rafia Rafiq
Degree: MS Health Psychology
University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245
The present study was aimed to examine the relationship between fear of negative valuation, appearance distress and social functioning among patients with Acne Vulgaris. The main hypothesis was appearance distress is likely to be mediate between fear of negative evaluation and social functioning among patients with Acne Vulgaris. Correlational research design was used. Purposive sampling strategy was used for recruitment of sample. The sample consisted of 90 (71 females and 19 males) patients with acne vulgaris calculated with G-Power, recruited from different hospitals of Lahore. The age range of the participants was 14 to 35 years. Assessment measures included Urdu versions of Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (Leary, 1983), Derriford Appearance Scale Short Form (Carr, Moss & Harris, 2005) and Face-Q Social Functioning Scale (Klassen, Cano, Schwitzer, Scott & Pusic, 2015). The results revealed that patients who evaluate situation more negatively leads toward poor social functioning. The patients who get more distress regarding their appearance tend to have poor social functioning. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that appearance distress act as a mediator in the relationship between fear of negative evaluation and social functioning. Independence sample t-test revealed that female participants have a higher fear of negative evaluation and appearance distress than male. Male participants have higher social functioning than female. One- way ANOVA results revealed that the patients who had acne on chest area experience more appearance distress and evaluating the situations more negatively.
Keywords: Fear, negative evaluation, appearance distress, social functioning, acne vulgaris.
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