Fear of Missing Out, Resilience and Self-image in Adults using Social Media

Nafeesa Irfani (MPhil, 2016-2018) Supervisor: Rafia Rafique, PhD

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245


The present study aims to investigate resilience as a moderator between fear of missing out (FOMO) and self-image. Based on self-theories of missing out and an individual’s self-image, it was hypothesized that there would be a relationship between fears of missing out (FOMO), resilience and self-image (state and trait) in adults using social media. Second it was proposed that resilience (state and trait) would act as a moderator between fear of missing out (FOMO) and self-image in adults using social media. Correlational study design was employed to collect data from a sample of N = 250, 133 males and 117 females using social media. Fear of missing out (FOMO; Przybylski, Murayama, DeHann, & Gladwell, 2013), State and Trait Resilience Checklist (Hiew, Jaafar, & Fei, 1998) and Self-image Profile for Adults (SIP-AD; Butler & Gasson, 2004) were used for the assessment. Moderation analyses through multiple hierarchical regression revealed that state resilience, gender, years of education and fear of missing out were significant predictors of self-image. Likewise trait resilience, age and years of education also turned out to be significant predictors of self-image. Interaction terms in both the analyses were non-significant. Females showed better self-image than males. The study contributes towards enhancing the understanding of social media in shaping the self-image of individuals and paves the way for future researches on social media. This study also contributes to educate adults, youth and adolescence about the fear of missing out (FOMO) and how school, colleges and universities can help improve resilience through counseling in order to improve self-image of adults using Maladaptive Perfectionism, Mindfulness and Psychological Distress in University Students.

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