Exploration of the Factors Affecting Anger among Adolescents

Author: Saira Nasrullah

Supervisor: Dr. Nosheen K. Rahman ,Dr. Iram Bokharey

Degree: M.Phil

Year: 2005-2007

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The aim of the present research is to explore causal factors of anger as a problem among adolescents. It is a two-phase design approach; in phase I a quantitative study was conducted using a survey research design. Door-to-door survey was conducted on 200 individuals including 100 adolescents with an age of 18 to 20 years and 100 adults of age 20 and above, from Data Ganj Bukhsh Town, Lahore. Their views and perceptions about anger problem with adolescents were investigated. In phase II a qualitative study was conducted. A constructivist paradigm and interpretive phenomenplogical analysis were used as methods of inquiry with 12 adolescents with anger problem (who scored at and above 75th percentile on State Trait Anger Expression Inventory) including six males and six females falling in the age range of18 to 20 years were interviewed. Adolescents with anger problem were in-depth interviewed to get information related to the factors causing anger. Both Survey Questionnaire and m-depth interview guide were developed after thorough review of researches conducted in this area. Results of survey showed 9 factors which were unjust treatment by parents, effect of extended family, lesser communication between parents and adolescents, low frustration tolerance, feelings of revenge, frustration, gender-related issues, effect of religion and community violence were reported to be the causes of anger. However, the qualitative analyses showed emergence of three primary themes, which were modeling, interpersonal communication and intrinsic factors. A comparison of the two phases showed few common factors and few differences in exploring the phenomena of anger.

Keywords: Anger, Perception, Adolescents, Interpersonal Communication, Intrinsic Factors.

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