Emotional Suppression and Psychological Adjustment of Breast Cancer Patients

Author: Rakia Ashraf

Supervisor: Omama Tariq

Degree: BS

Year: 2010-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study examined the relationship between emotional
suppression and psychological adjustment in breast cancer patients. It was
hypothesized that there will be a relationship between emotional
suppression and psychological adjustment as well as between its domains
in patients with breast cancer. Moreover, emotional suppression and its
domains are likely to predict psychological adjustment and its domains.
Within group research design and purposive sampling technique was used
to collect a sample of 100 breast cancer patients with age 25 years and
above (M = 45.76 and S.D = 10.50) from governmental and private
hospitals. Courtald Emotional Control Scale (CECS, Watson & Greer,
1983) and Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale (Mini-MAC, Watson
et al., 1994) were used to assess emotional Suppression and psychological
adjustment respectively. Pearson product moment correlation and
hierarchal regression were used for data analysis. Results showed that
emotional suppression was significantly related to psychological
adjustment. Anger, depression and anxiety were significantly correlated to
hopelessness/helplessness and depression was significantly positively
correlated to anxious preoccupation and fatalism. Moreover, anger
negatively predicted fighting spirit and fatalism while depression
positively predicted anxious preoccupation and fatalism. The study has
important implications in psycho-oncology, counseling and
health care of breast cancer patients. Future research suggestions are also

Keywords: Emotional Suppression, Psychological Adjustment, Cognitive Avoidance, Fatalism.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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