Emotional Intelligence, Personality Traits, Stress, Coping Styles and Mental Disorders among Adults

Author: Faiza Safdar

Supervisor: Dr. Saima Dawood

Degree: MS

Year: 2008-2010

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research was conducted to explore the relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Mental Disorder and Coping Strategies espoused by adults. The research further aimed to identify the relationship between personality traits and emotional intelligence. The research was conducted in two phases. In first phase, Survey Research design was used and a sample of 1000 participants (500 men & 500 women, 25-60 years) was collected through Proportionate Stratified Sampling from Data Gunj Bukhsh Town of Lahore City. In phase-II, Correlational Research Design was followed and a sample of 341individuals (167 men & 177 women) was collected through Purposive Sampling from the individuals who were screened for mental disorders (i.e Anxiety, Depression & Personality Disorders). The results indicate that among 1000 cases 41.1 were screened for Personality Disorder with highest occurrence ofCluster-B Personality Disorders (16) followed by Cluster-C (10) and Cluster-A (8). Amongst these 21 received a confirmed diagnosis of at least one Personality Disorder with the highest prevalence rate in Cluster -B (8) followed by Cluster-A (5), Personality Disorder NOS (5) and Cluster-C (4). Depression had high prevalent rate (40) as compared to Anxiety (39). Correlation Analysis revealed that Borderline Personality Disorder had significant negative correlation with all scales of Emotional Intelligence. Neuroticism had significant negative association with all scales of Emotional Intelligence. Paranoid Personality Disorder had significant negative relationship with Scale-TV: Empathy and Scale- V: Social Skills. Depression had significant negative relationship with Scale-1: Self Awareness and Scale- Ill: Motivation. The Scale-1: Self Awareness had significant negative relationship with Religious/Denial Coping. Scale-11: Self Regulation had significant positive correlation with Schizoid Personality Disorder and Anxiety. Scale IV: Empathy and Scale V: Social Skills have significant positive association with Anxiety

Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Coping, Personality Traits, Depression, Anxiety.

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