Author: Bushra Ramzan
Supervisor: Dr. Nosheen K. Rahman
University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
Drug addiction is a major problem in Pakistan and is increasing day by day. The aim of the study was to see the efficacy of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) with drug addicts in Pakistan. A total of 90 detoxified male polydrug dependents were taken from Sadaqat Clinic, Lahore. Classic Experimental Design was used. Irrational Belief Test (IBT), Low Frustration Tolerance (LFT) Inventory and Behaviour Checklist were administered with participants at pre, post and at three months follow up assessment level. The sample was further divided into three groups: Treatment Group, Attention Control Group and Control Group. Twelve structured group sessions of 90 minutes duration spread over 14 weeks were conducted with Treatment and Attention Control Groups. REBT was given to the Treatment Group and the Attention Control Group was exposed to different activities: Chart making, bookmarks and group discussion. Control Group was neither given treatment nor attention. For statistical analyses Means (M), Standard Deviations (SD), One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Paired Sample t test was carried out. Results indicated that Treatment Group showed significantly higher reduction in ffis i.e. improvement in frustration tolerance level, personal hygiene, social skills and vocational skills as compared to the Attention Control and the Control Groups. It was concluded that REBT is highly effective with drug addicts in Pakistan and can successfully be used to solve drug related problems.
Keywords: Addiction, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Irrational Belief, Low Frustration Tolerance.
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