Author: Nadia Arshad
Supervisor: Dr. Nosheen K.Rahman
University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The present study aimed to see the efficacy of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT) in female with schizophrenia. Ninety participants, stable on medication were taken from Punjab Institute of Mental Health and Psychiatry Department, Services Hospital, Lahore. The participants were already diagnosed on ICD- 10 criteria by the psychiatrists and counter diagnosed on DSM-IV by the researcher. Sampling was Purposive and Classic Experimental Design was used. Assessment tools used were: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia (PANSS), Behaviour Checklist and Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS) at pre, post and follow up levels. The 90 participants were randomly assigned into Treatment, Attention Control and Control Groups, each comprising of 30 participants. Twelve structured group sessions of 90 minutes each, spread during three months were conducted with Treatment and Attention Control Groups. REBT was given to the Treatment Group and the Attention Control Group was exposed to different activities: Coloring, making paper bags and shapes with plasticine for half an hour each. Control Group was neither given treatment nor attention. Post assessment of the three groups was carried out after three months and follow up after four months duration. One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Paired Sample t test indicated significant differences, p < .05 in Treatment Group at post and follow up assessments as compared to the Attention Control Group and the Control Group. The Results indicate that REBT is an effective intervention and can successfully be used along with medication for the treatment of females with schizophrenia in Pakistan.
Keywords: Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Schizophrenia, Diagnosis.
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