Author: Habiba Ilyas Bashir
Supervisor: Aasma Yousuf
University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The aim of the present study was to investigate Distress Tolerance, Experiential Avoidance, and Anxiety Sensitivity in patients with substance use. It was a correlational study employing within group design. A sample size of 63 substance use (heroin) patients were recruited through non probability purposive sampling with age range from 20 to 45 years (Mage =26.3 years, SD=4.02). There were three hypotheses: 1) There will be relationship between distress tolerance, experiential avoidance, and anxiety sensitivity, 2) Distress tolerance and experiential avoidance is likely to predict anxiety sensitivity, and 3) Distress tolerance is likely to predict experiential avoidance. The distress tolerance scale, acceptance and action questionnaire-substance abuse, and 21-item anxiety sensitivity index were used to measure distress tolerance, experiential avoidance and anxiety sensitivity respectively in patients with substance use. The correlation analysis showed that there was significant inverse relation between distress tolerance and experiential avoidance, significant inverse relationship between experiential avoidance and anxiety sensitivity. It also revealed positive relation between distress tolerance and respiratory symptoms. The Cronbach’s alpha value for present study for distress tolerance scale was .67, for acceptance and action questionnaire was .92, and for anxiety sensitivity index it came out to be .92. The research will be helpful in using the effective therapeutic interventions for substance use.
Keywords: Distress Tolerance, Experiential Avoidance, Anxiety Sensitivity.
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