Diabetes Self Care and Diabetic Distress In Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Author: Saleha Rehan

Supervisor: Humaira Naz

Degree: BS

Year: 2010-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study was conducted to investigate relation of the diabetes self-care and diabetic distress in patients with type 2 diabetes. Another aim of the study was related to determine the gender differences on diabetes self-care and diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes. It was hypothesized that there would likely to be relationship between diabetes self-care and diabetes distress, there would likely to be relation of demographics with diabetes self-care and diabetes distress and there would likely to be gender difference on self-care and diabetes distress. The co relational research method was used. Purposive sampling was used to collect data from 3 hospitals of Lahore. The sample size for this study was 100, included 38 men with age (M = 58.03, SD= 7.99) and 62 women, age (M = 55.38, SD = 7.05). The instruments used for data collection include Summary of Diabetes Self Care Activities (SDSCA; Toobert Hampson &Glasgow, 2000) and Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS; Polonsky et al. 2000). The results showed that a significant negative relationship of general diet with regimen related distress, interpersonal distress and total distress. Specific diet had significant negative relationship with  regimen related distress. Independent t test, men revealed that high mean scores on exercise. Women reported emotional burden and regimen (illness) related distress more than men. It was concluded that patients of diabetes type 2 who engage in diabetes care by diet intake experience less diabetic distress specifically related to illness, interpersonal and feel less emotional burden. Moreover women are more prone to experience diabetes distress; findings can be implemented to devise counseling program to teach them self-care activities, and their diabetes related distress.

Keywords: Diabetes Self Care, Diabetes Distress, Type 2 Diabetes.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245