Author: Razia Bano
Supervisor: Dr. Nosheen K.Rahman
University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
The goal of the present study was firstly to investigate the demographic variables in relation to depression. Secondly, gender differences were also explored in these variables. Many studies have been conducted on different dimensions of depression. But relatively little work has been carried out especially with reference to demographic variables in depression such as gender, age, education, occupational status, marital status, type of marriage, family system, birth order, mode of treatment and history of psychiatric illness in family.For this purpose Survey-research design was used. One thousand depressed patients were taken from four teaching hospitals i.e. Mayo Hospital. Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Services Hospital, and Jinnah Hospital. All interviews were conducted in hospital settings.The measures used were Siddiqui Shah Depression Scale (SSDS), Symptom Checklist Depression Scale- Revised (SCLD-R) and Demographic Questionnaire. Percentages and Chi-square was calculated for statistical analysis. The results showed significant difference in variables under study i.e. gender, age, education, occupation status, marital status, type of marriage, family system, and birth order, mode of treatment and history of psychiatric illness in family.The present work also supported the hypotheses related to gender differences as significant gender differences were also found in demographic variables suggesting that gender plays an important role in depressive disorder.
Keywords: Depression, Psychiatric Illness. Gender Differences.
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