Decentralization and Self-Efficacy in Teaching Employees of Public Universities

Author: Sadaf Saleem

Supervisor: Shazia Khalid

Degree: BS

Year: 2010-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The research was conducted to find out the relationship between
decentralization and self-efficacy in teaching employees of public
universities. The sample comprised of the teachers of universities working
upon different designations who shifted their teaching career from college
to university. Sample was taken from four public universities of Lahore (N
= 150), which includes 75 males and 75
females teachers (M = 1.5, SD =.50). Empowerment Scale (Spreitzer,
1995) and Generalized Self Efficacy Scale (Schwarzer, & Jerusalem,
1989) were used to assess the variables. Pearson product moment
correlation, t-test and one way analysis of variance were applied. The
findings of the research supported that a significant positive relationship
existed between decentralization and self-efficacy. Decentralization and
self-efficacy was high in male teachers as compared to female teachers in
employees of public universities. This research has an important
implication in university for building positive decentralized environment
to promote self-efficacy beliefs in teachers.

Keywords: Self-Efficacy, Decentralization, Empowerment.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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