Coping Strategies and Psychological Well-Being of Orphan Children

Author: Iqra Shabbir

Supervisor: Sara Kanwal & Rukhsana Kausar, Ph.D

Degree: MSc

Year: 2012-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


Present research was conducted to investigate the relationship between
coping strategies and psychological well-being of orphan children. It was
hypothesized that: there is likely to be relationship between coping
strategies and psychological well-being of orphan; Coping strategies
would predict psychological wellbeing of orphan children; there is likely
to be gender difference in coping strategies and psychological well-being
in orphan. Cross sectional research design was used in this research. A
sample of 70 orphans (n = 35 boys, n = 35 girls) with mean age = 12.31,
(SD = 2.03) using purposive sampling technique was taken from
orphanages. The Children’s Coping Questionnaire (CCQ, Fedorowics,
1995) and Well-Being Scale (Stirlling, 2010) were used to assess their
coping strategies and psychological well-being and these questionnaires
were translated into Urdu version by the researcher. The findings indicated
a significant positive relationship between direct problem solving, positive
cognitive restructuring, self-calming, wishful thinking with positive
emotional state, positive outlook and social desirability. Girls used more
coping strategies as compared to boys. And girls had better
psychologically well being as compared to boys. The findings from the
regression analysis suggested that direct problem solving and self- calming
predicted the positive emotional state. Aggressive actions negatively
predicted positive emotional state. Direct problem solving and avoidant
actions positively predicted positive outlook. Self-calming positively
predicted social desirability

Keywords: Coping Strategies, Psychological Well-Being, Orphan Chidren.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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