Attachment Style, Resilience, and Acculturation Stress in National and International Female Hostel Based University Students

Author: Saher Batool Naqvi

Supervisor: Rukhsana Kausar, PhD & Humaira Naz

Degree: BS

Year: 2012-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


National and international students are two types of hostel based university students that go through the process of adjustment in host cultural settings. Current study aimed to investigate predictive ability of attachment styles and resilience towards acculturative stress in national and international hostel based university students and to explore the difference in national and international hostel based female university students in attachment styles, resilience and acculturative stress. Between group research design was used and purposive sampling was done. A total of 100 students, nationals (n=59, M=22.68 years, SD=1.68years)) and international (n=38, M=22.52 years, SD=1.68 years) were recruited from 11 girls hostels of University of the Punjab, Lahore. Attachment Style Questionnaire – ASQ (Hofstra & Oudenhoven, 2004), State Trait Resilience Inventory – STRI (Hiew, 2002) and Acculturative Stress Scale for International Students – ASSIS (Sandhu & Asarabadi, 1994) were administered on the sample. Results revealed that international hostel based university students have secure attachment, trait and state resilience than national hostel based university students. National and international students did not differ on acculturative stress experienced. International students had more secure attachment style and had better trait and state resilience relative to national students. Acculturative stressĀ  was positively related to fearful and preoccupied attachment style and trait resilience was negatively related to acculturative stress. Fearful and preoccupied attachments were predictive of higher acculturative stress and trait resilience emerged as a predictor of low acculturative stress.Possible explanations of findings, limitations and implications of the study are also discussed in the Pakistani context.

Keywords: Attachment Styles, Resilience, Acculturation Stress.

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