Attachment Patterns, Maladaptive Schemas and Psychosocial Dysfunctions among Female Adolescents with Conversion Disorder

Author: Sumaira Kausar

Supervisor: Aisha Sitwat, PhD

Degree: MS

Year: 2011-2013

University: Centre for Clinical Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship among attachment patterns, maladaptive schemas and psychosocial dysfunctions among female adolescents with conversion disorder. It was hypothesized that attachment patterns will predict maladaptive schemas. Attachment pattern and maladaptive schemas will predict the psychosocial dysfunctions in female adolescents with conversion disorder. In addition Maladaptive Schemas will mediate the relationship between attachment patterns and psychosocial dysfunctions. Correlational study and within subject research design was used and 89 female adolescents diagnosed with conversion disorder, with age range 13-19 years (M = 16.8, SD = 2.05) were recruited from five government hospitals of Lahore through purposive sampling. Urdu versions of Revised Adult Attachment Questionnaire, Brief Core Schema Scale, and RAND 36- item Health Survey were used for assessment. The results revealed a significant relationship  between attachment patterns and schemas except anxious attachment style. Regression analyses revealed that close, dependent and anxious attachment styles predicted negative self, positive self and negative others schemas but positive others schemas has only dependent attachment style as predictor. Overall, negative self-schema prominently came out as the significant predictor of five out of eight subscales of psychosocial dysfunctions. Moreover, negative self- schemas predominately mediate the relationship between secure attachment styles and some subscales of psychosocial dysfunctions. For future implications psychotherapists may include negative self-schema focusing guidelines in the treatment of conversion disorder.

Keywords: Attachment Patterns, Maladaptive Schemas, Psychosocial Dysfunctions, Conversion Disorder.

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