Approach and Avoidance Goals in Relation to Anxiety and Depression among Undergraduates

Author: Ayesha Jabeen

Supervisor: Ms. Faiza Safdar

Degree: BS

Year: 2005-2009

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present research aimed to find the approach and avoidance goals in relation to anxiety and depression among students belonging to colleges and universities. In this study student’s achievement goals with underlying approach and avoidance motivation were measured through Achievement Goals Questionnaire which consisted of 12 items. Anxiety and depression among students was measured through two scales (Anxiety, Depression) taken from Symptom checklist -R. Sample of the study consisted of 200 undergraduate students; males (N=97) and females (N=103). Regression Analysis was used to obtain results. The overall results indicated that student’s levels of anxiety and depression (i.e. high and low) were the predictors of approach and avoidance goals. Students with high anxiety showed fewer approach goals and more avoidance goals, however those with low depression revealed fewer approach as well as avoidance goals.

Keywords: Anxiety, Depression. Approach and Avoidance Goals , Undergraduates.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245