Anger and Stress Appraisal in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease

Author: Riffat Mushtaq

Supervisor: Saima Majeed & Farah Malik, Ph.D

Degree: MSc

Year: 2012-2014

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study aimed to determine the level of anger and stress
appraisal in patients with coronary heart disease. It was hypothesized that
there will be positive association between stress appraisal, (CHD) and
anger; stress appraisal will predict the anger in patients with CHD. Men
will be higher on anger and stress appraisal than Women. Myocardial
coronary heart disease patients will show more anger and stress appraisal
than Angina coronary heart disease patients. The purposive sample of
100 patients of coronary heart disease (Anjina & Mayocardial) was drawn
from the outdoor units of the three hospitals in Lahore. Stress was
measured by Stress Appraisal Measure Scale (SAM, Peacock & Wong,
1989) and anger by Clinical Anger Scale (CAS, Snell, 1995). Correlation
analysis indicated positively significant relationship between anger and
stressfulness but there was non-significant relationship between anger and
stress appraisal. Simple multiple regression analysis indicated that stress
appraisal was not predictor of anger in patients with CHD. t-test results
found that patients with CHD were not different according to gender and
type of CHD across anger and stress appraisal. The results may be used to
devise some psychological help program for the patients with CHD
especially in Pakistani cultural context.

Keywords: Anger, Stress Appraisal, Coronary Heart Disease, Myocardial Coronary Heart Disease.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245

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