Type D Personality, Secondary Traumatic Stress and Burnout in Oncology Nurses

 Durrya Al Qarni (BS, 2014-2018) Supervisor: Afshi Yahya Khan

The present research aimed to find out the prevalence of Type D Personality in oncology nurses. This study showed concern about oncology nurses by assessing the relationship of Type D personality and secondary traumatic Stress with burnout. For this purpose, cross sectional co-relational research design was used. The sample comprised of 94 female oncology nurses recruited from both private and public hospitals that specifically had oncology ward. Information was gathered through convenient sampling strategy. It was hypothesized that there would be significant relationship between Type D personality, secondary traumatic stress and burnout among oncology nurses. Further it was hypothesized that Type D personality and secondary traumatic stress would predict burnout. The measures comprised of Type D personality Scale (Conden, 2014), Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale (STSS; Bride, Robinson, Yegidis, & Figley, 2004) and Oldenburg Inventory in addiction to indigenous Demographic Questionnaire. SPSS version 23; correlation, multiple regression and one way ANOVA analyses were used. Results revealed that aspects of Type D Personality: negative affectivity and social inhibition and secondary traumatic stress were significantly correlated with dimensions of burnout: disengagement and exhaustion while negative affectivity and secondary traumatic stress were positive predictors of disengagement and exhaustion both. These results can be helpful in healthcare environments for the development of managements and preventative measures for oncology nurses with Type D personality, who have increased risk associated with burnout.

Keywords: Type D personality, traumatic stress, burnout, oncology nurses.

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