Translation and Adaptation of Parenting Stress Index

Author: Gul-i-Zehra

Supervisor: Ms. Rizwana Arif

Degree: BS

Year: 2005-2009

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan


The present study was conducted to adapt the Parenting Stress Index (3rd- ed.) on Pakistani population. For this purpose 298 parents (61 fathers and 237 mothers) of special children ranging 7-12 years who were diagnosed as having Down syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder, Mental Retardation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cerebral Palsy, and Learning Disability were selected through Purposive sampling to participate in the present study from different schools and hospitals. Exploratory factor analysis was run to analyze the data. Results showed that VI factors of Child Domain (Distractibility/Hyperactivity, Adaptability, Reinforces Parent, Demandingness, Mood, and Acceptability) and VII factors of Parent Domain (Competence, Isolation, Attachment, Health, Role Restriction Depression, and Spouse) emerged. The number of factors originated was same as it was in the original PSI developed byAbidin (1995). Total 15 items out of 101 were deleted as they did not load on any of the factors. . Inter Item Reliability of Child Domain was calculated as .79, Parent Domain was .88 and Total Stress reliability was calculated as .90. This study will help to locate factors causing stress among parents and to develop prevention programs for the  reduction  of  stress. 

Keywords: Stress, Distractibility, Hyperactivity,Isolation,Depression.

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Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:, Phone: 92-42-9231245