The Job Demand-Control-Support Model and Employee Wellbeing: A Meta-Analysis of Previous Research

Article Title: The Job Demand-Control-Support Model and Employee Wellbeing: A Meta-Analysis of Previous Research

Author(s): Fawad Asif and Uzma Javed and Saquib Yusaf Janjua

Institute(s): Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2018, Vol. 33, No. 1, 203-221

Correspondence Address: Fawad Asif, SZABIST, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan. E-mail:


The objective of this study is to examine the effect of JDC/JDCS model on two indicators of employee wellbeing, namely job satisfaction and job-related anxiety. We searched for published and unpublished research using EBSCO, Emerald, Elsevier, PsycInfo, and PsychLit to locate relevant articles, conference abstracts, and theses. From a pool of 46 studies based on JDC/JDCS model, 19 published studies on the outcomes of interest (job satisfaction and job-related anxiety) were selected. Required data on the study characteristics, sample size, sample characteristics, methods, measures, methodologic quality, and correlation coefficients were extracted from each study. Meta-analytic procedures developed for analysing correlation coefficients were used to generate a pool of true score correlations which were then subjected to structural equations modeling to test the hypothesized relationships in MPlus. We found support for the additive effects of JDC/JDC model on both indicators of employee wellbeing. Where job demands was a stronger predictor of job-related anxiety, job resources (such as job control and social support) were consistent predictors of job satisfaction. Social support has stronger implications for reducing job-related anxiety and increasing job satisfaction.

Keywords. JDC/JDCS, employee wellbeing, job satisfaction, job related anxiety, meta-analysis, MASEM.

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