Article Title: Task-Specific Occupational Self-Efficacy and Gender Role Attitudes of Pakistani Adolescents
Author(s): Saadia Aziz & Anila Kamal
Institute(s): National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2015, Vol. 13, No.2, 3-10
Correspondence Address: Saadia Aziz, National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan. E-mail: email@example.com
The present research is aimed to investigate the relationship between task-specific occupational self-efficacy and gender role attitude of adolescents. In Part I Task-Specific Occupational Self-Efficacy Scale was translated and Part II dealt with exploring the relationship between task-specific occupational self-efficacy and gender role attitude. Gender wise differences were also explored. Two hundred undergraduate students (100 males and 100 females) studying in different institutions of Rawalpindi and Islamabad participated in the study. Findings revealed that females were more egalitarian in gender role attitudes as compared to boys but still perceived themselves more efficacious in verbal, interpersonal ability. Boys’ traditional gender role attitude was in accord to their efficacy in quantitative business ability and physical strength and agility that indicates as boys hold traditional gender role attitudes so they perceive themselves more capable in performing task related to quantitative and business skills and physical strength. Significant gender differences were observed in task-specific occupational self-efficacy as girls scored high on verbal, interpersonal and aesthetic ability whereas boys scored high on quantitative and physical ability. Limitations of the study are discussed and suggestions for counseling younger Pakistani adolescents are offered to guide researchers investigating the psychological mechanisms at work in the formation of self-efficacy beliefs in academic contexts.
Key Words: Task-specific occupational self-efficacy, Gender role attitudes, Adolescent psychology, Educational psychology, and Self-efficacy expectations of Pakistani students