Thesis Title: Perceived School Environment, Disaffection and Refusal towards School in Late Childhood
Student Name: Arwa Abrar
Supervisor: Shahnila Tariq, PhD
Department: Institute of Applied Psychology
University: Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan
Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com, Phone: 92-42-9231245
The current study was conducted to investigate the relationship between perceived school environment, disaffection and refusal towards school in late childhood. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant relationship between perceived school environment, disaffection and refusal towards school in late childhood. It was also hypothesized that perceived school environment and disaffection were likely to predict refusal towards school. The co-relational research design was used while non-probability purposive sampling strategy was employed in order to recruit sample of school students (N = 200) with age range of 9 to 12 years (M = 10.50, SD = 1.12). The data was collected from four different government and private schools located in Lahore. School Perception Scale (Rubab & Tariq, 2012), Disaffection with Learning Subscale (Skinner, Kindermann & Furrer, 2008) and School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised (Kearney & Albano, 2007) were used for assessment purposes. The data were analyzed by using Pearson product moment correlation, simple linear regression and independent sample t-test analysis. The findings indicated that there is a significant relationship between disaffection and refusal towards school. While disaffection predicts refusal towards school in late childhood. Results are discussed in the light of empirical evidence. The current study will be helpful in a way that it highlights different problems of students related to school and will also help to design the intervention strategies for students facing problems related to school refusal, phobias, bullying and disengagement in classroom activities.
Keywords: Perceived school environment, disaffection, refusal towards school, late childhood.