Perceived Organizational Support, Coworker Social Support and Workplace Aggression among Pharmaceutical Sales Executives

Minahil khan (MSc, 2016-2018) Supervisor: Shazia Qayyum, PhD

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

Abstract:

Among pharmaceutical sales executives, the study investigated the association between perceived organizational support, coworker social support and workplace aggression. Sample size consisted of 200 male pharmaceutical sales executives, (N = 200) with mean age (M = 28.6, SD= 5.9) It was hypothesized that perceived organizational support, coworker social support would predict workplace aggression in pharmaceutical sales executives. To measure theĀ  perceived organizational support Survey of Perceived Organizational Support (Eisenberger, Huntington, Hutchison, & Sowa, 1986) was used. To check the level of support among coworkers, Social Support from Family and Work Colleagues (Allen, et al., 2000) was used and to measure aggressive behaviors at workplace, Workplace Behavior Inventory (Bryson, et al., 2004) was used that assessed the prevalence of aggressive behaviors in employees. Using Pearson product moment correlation analysis, the results concluded that there was a positive relationship between perceived organizational support and coworker social support, and a negative association was seen between perceived organizational support, coworker social support and workplace aggression. Using hierarchical regression, it was found that perceived organizational support was non-significant predictor. The results showed that monthly family income and marital status as significant predictor of workplace aggression.

Keywords: Perceived organizational support, coworker, social support, workplace aggression, pharmaceutical sales executives.

 

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