Article Title: Measuring Workplace Spirituality and Employee Work Attitudes in Profitable versus Non-Profitable Organizations of Pakistan
Author(s); Shahab Alam Malik, Emmala Shamin and Mansoor Ahmad
Institute(s): Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS, Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad; Faculty of Management, Sciences, Indus University, Karachi.
Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2017, Vol. 32, No. 2, 603-622
Correspondence Address: Shahab Alam Malik, Faculty of Management, Sciences, Indus University, Karachi, Pakistan. Email: email@example.com
The focus of this study was to examine the existence of workplace spirituality in the organizations of Pakistan and its association to the employee’s attitudes which were most likely to be observed on the workplace including organizational commitment, intrinsic job satisfaction, organizational based self-esteem, and job involvement. Incorporating a comparative study design, the research investigates three dimensions of workplace spirituality namely, meaningful work, sense of community, and alignment with organizational values and their association with organizational commitment, intrinsic job satisfaction, organizational based self-esteem, and job involvement. The sample reflects the opinion of 400 employees working in profitable and non-profitable organizations in Pakistan. Findings indicated that employees of profitable organizations report higher levels of workplace spirituality as compared to non-profitable organizations. According to t-test, a significant mean difference between these two groups was also observed.
Keywords. Workplace spirituality, meaningful work, organizational commitment, intrinsic job satisfaction