Linking Self-Efficacy and Emotional Intelligence to Creativity

Article Title; Linking Self-Efficacy and Emotional Intelligence to Creativity

Author(s): Sarwat Sultan

Institute(s): Department of Applied Psychology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan.

Journal: Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, JHSS XIX, No. 1, 2011


The study explored the relationship of self-efficacy with emotional intelligence among creative and non-creative people. The sample (N = 400) consisted of 200 creative employees (100 females and 100 males) and 200 non- creative employees (100 female and 100 male) from Multan. Creative Disposition Scale (Mcshane & Glinow (2003), Emotional Quotient Scale (Goleman, 2001), and The General Self-Efficacy Scale (Sherer, Maddux, & Mercandante 1982) were used to measure creativity, emotional intelligence, and self-efficacy respectively. Results indicated that there is a significant positive relationship between self-efficacy and emotional intelligence, and creative employees have higher levels of emotional intelligence and self-efficacy as compared to non-creative employees. Findings suggested that females are more creative and are more emotionally intelligent as compared to males while the findings further reported no gender differences in the level of self-efficacy. It implies that female and male employees have equal levels of self-efficacy.

Keywords: Creativity, Efficacy beliefs, Emotional intelligence, Performance, Cognitive processing, Capabilities

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