Humor Styles, Self-esteem and Social Competence in Young Adults

Rimsha Javed (BS, 2014-2018) Supervisors: Waqas Hassan & Farah Malik, PhD

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

Abstract:

The study aimed to investigate the relationship between humor styles, self-esteem and competence in young adults. It was hypothesized that there would be relationship between humor styles, self-esteem and social competence in young adults and secondly it was hypothesized styles of humor used are likely to predict self-esteem in young adults. Cross- sectional research design was used to conduct this research. A sample of 150 young adults participated in this research. The sample was recruited through convenient sampling technique. The Humor Style Questionnaire (Martin et al, 2003), Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965), Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (Buhrmester et al, 1988) and demographic sheets were used to assess humor styles, self-esteem and social competence in young adults, respectively. Using SPSS version 22, independent sample t-test and linear regression analyses were carried out. Gender differences were determined through independent sample t-test. Findings were discussed. Results of correlation analysis revealed that there was a positive relationship between Adaptive styles (affiliative and self-enhancing) of humor and self-esteem while a maladaptive style (aggressive and self-defeating) of humor shared a negative relationship with self-esteem and social competence. Results of regression analysis revealed that from all the predictors of self-esteem, self-enhancing humor, positively predicts self-esteem while self-defeating humor negatively predicts self-esteem, significantly. The findings can help psychologists guiding their clients in improving their social competence and using adaptive humor styles to lead a happy and balanced life.

Keywords: Humor styles, self-esteem, competence, young adults.

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