Family Functioning, Self-Control and Smoking Behaviour in Young Adults

Uzma Naheed (MSc, 2016-2018) Supervisors: Gul-e-Sehar & Iram Fatima, PhD

University: Institute of Applied Psychology, Punjab University, Lahore, Pakistan

Corresponding Address: Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan. Email: chairperson@appsy.pu.edu.pk, Phone: 92-42-9231245

Abstract:

The current research investigated the influence of family functioning and self-control on smoking behaviour of young adults. It was hypothesized that family functioning styles (Interactional patterns, family values, coping strategies, family commitment and resource mobilization) and self-control would be negatively related to and would predict smoking behaviour. Correlation research design was used to find out the relationship between family functioning, self-control and smoking behaviour. Non-probability purposive sampling strategy was used for data collection. Sample consisted of 180 men from three public and private sector Universities of Lahore city with in the age range of 18 to 25 years (M = 21.40, SD = 2.06). Family functioning Style Scale (Deal, Trivette, & Dunst, 1988), Self-Control Scale (Tangney, Baumeister, & Boone, 2004) and Glover-Nilson Smoking Behavioural Questionnaire (Glover et al., 2005) were used for data collection. The results showed that overall family functioning and two sub-scales (Interaction patterns and coping strategies) were negatively related with smoking behaviour but only self-control negatively predicted smoking behaviour dependency. The present study highlights the importance of different styles of family functioning and self-control to explain the different patterns of smoking behaviour dependency in young adults.

Keywords:    Family functioning styles, self-control, smoking behaviour.

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