Development and Validation of Parenting Style Scale

Article Title: Development and Validation of Parenting Style Scale

Author(s): Syeda S. Batool and Afia N. Mumtaz

Institute(s): Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2015, Vol. 30, No. 2, 225-248

Correspondence Address: Syeda S. Batool, Department of Psychology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan. E-mail:


The study aimed to develop and validate the parent’s version of indigenous Parenting Style Scale. A mixed method approach was used to develop the scale. Eight children (9 to 15 years) and eight parents (30 to 65 years) were selected for interviews to generate items. A sample of 300 parents (31 to 60 years) was used to validate the scale. Data were collected by using convenient sampling strategy. Varimax Rotation method through Principal Component Analysis was used to evaluate the factor structure of the scale. Exploratory factor analysis yielded six factors (Controlling, Compassionate, Conventional, Supportive, Avoidant, and Aggressive Parenting) that accounted for 47% of the variance. The Cronbach alpha coefficients for factors ranged from .62 to .77. The final scale comprised of 48 items. Convergent validity of the scale was established by computing the correlations between the scores on the indigenous scale and subscales of Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (Robinson, Mandelco, Olsen, & Hart, 1995). Results revealed that the indigenously developed Parenting Style Scale is a promising indigenous measurement tool.

Keywords. Indigenous, parenting style, mixed method, varimax rotation, convergent validity

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