Coping Strategies and Hardiness as Predictors of Stress among Rescue Workers

Article Title: Coping Strategies and Hardiness as Predictors of Stress among Rescue Workers

Author(s): Yousaf Jamal, Sayyeda T. Zahra, Faiqa Yaseen, and Mehwish Nasreen

Institute(s): Department of Psychology, University of Gujrat.

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 2017, Vol. 32, No. 1, 141-154

Correspondence Address: Sayyeda T. Zahra, Department of Psychology, University of Gujrat, Pakistan. E-mail:


The present study investigated the relationship of hardiness and coping strategies as predictors of stress. A sample of 100 rescue workers, aged 20-40 years, of Gujrat, Pakistan was recruited by convenient sampling technique. Cross-sectional survey research design was used in this study. Personal Views Survey III-R (Maddi, 2001), Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, 1994), and Brief Cope Inventory (Carver, 1997) were used to measure the hardiness, stress, and coping strategies; respectively. Findings of Pearson Product Moment Correlation indicated significant negative association between stress and hardiness, stress and problem focused coping, and significant positive association between stress and avoidant coping, hardiness and problem-focused coping. Hierarchal Multiple Regression Analysis revealed that hardiness significantly predicted perceived stress. Findings of the study raised important consequences for rescue education, practice, research and health policy. Addressing both individual and organizational structures and processes would be crucial toward producing a more manageable and long-term solution to stress in the workplace.

Keywords. Hardiness, coping strategies, stress, rescue workers

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